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Altera Risc-V FPGA Tutorial : Use of ROM – Study the format of *.mif and how to edit *.mif file,Learn to use RAM, read and write RAM, FII-PRA040 FPGA Board Experimental 8

Experiment 8 Use of ROM

8.1 Experiment Objective

  1. Study the internal memory block of FPGA
  2. Study the format of *.mif and how to edit *.mif file to configure the contents of ROM
  3. Learn to use RAM, read and write RAM

8.2 Experiment Implement

  1. Design 16 outputs ROM, address ranging 0-255
  2. Interface 8-bit switch input as ROM’s address
  3. Segment display the contents of ROM and require conversion of hexadecimal to BCD output.

8.3 Experiment

8.3.1 Introduction of the Program

This experiment was carried out on the basis of Experiment 7, and the contents of Experiment 7 were cited, so only the IP core ROM portion was introduced.

  1. In Installed IP, choose Library -> Basic Function -> On Chip Memory -> ROM: 1-PORT, file type to be Verilog HDL. Choose 16 bits and 256 words for output. See Figure 8.1.

Figure 8.1 RAM IP core invoking

  1. According to the default setting, you need to add an initial ROM file in the location where red oval circles. See Figure 8.2. In the figure, a *.mif file has already been added.
  2. Create a top level entity rom.mif
  3. Go to File -> New -> Memory Files -> Memory Initialization File. See Figure 8.3.
  4. In Figure 8.4, modify the Number of words and Word size.
  5. In Figure 8.5. In the address area, right click and you can input the data or change the display format, such as hexadecimal, octal, binary, unsigned, signed, etc.

Figure 8.2 ROM setting

Figure 8.3 New *.mif file

Figure 8.4 *.mif file setting 1

Figure 8.5 *.mif file setting 1

  1. After completing the ROM and IP’s setting, fill the data for rom.mif. For convenience of verification, store the same data as the address from the lower byte to higher byte in ascending form. Right click to select Custom Fill Cells. See Figure 8.6. The starting address is 0, ending at 255 (previous address setting depth is 256). The initial value is 0 and the step is 1.

Figure 8.6 Fill date for rom.mif

  1. After the setup, the system will fill in the data automatically. See Figure 8.7.

Figure 8.7 Part of data after auto filling

  1. Refer to the design of conversion from hexadecimal to BCD in Experiment 7, display the data in ROM to the segment display.

ROM instantiation:

reg [15:0] rom_q_r;

always @ (posedge BCD_clk)



.hex (rom_q_r),

.ones (ones),

.tens (tens),

.hundreds (hundreds),

.thousands (thousands),

.ten_thousands (ten_thousands)


onep_rom onep_rom_dut(

.address (sw),

.clock (sys_clk),

.q (rom_q)


8.4 Experiment Verification

Pin assignments are consistent with Experiment 7. After the compilation is completed, the board is verified. As shown in Figure 8.8. When the DIP switch is 10010100, the decimal is 148, which means that we will read the contents of the 148th byte of the ROM, and the segment display will display 148, which is consistent with the data we have deposited.

Altera Risc-V Board Use of ROM Experimental Results
Altera Risc-V Board Use of ROM Experimental Results

Figure 8.8 Experiment result

Experiment Summary and Reflection

  1. How to use the initial file of ROM to realize the decoding, such as decoding and scanning the segment display.
  2. Write a *.mif file to generate sine, cosine wave, and other function generators.
  3. Comprehend application, combine the characteristic of ROM and PWM to form SPWM modulation waveform.

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